Share

Frederick Rossini (1899-1990)

Biography
Work & Publications
Quotes
Gallery
Movies
Discussion
Articles
External info
Shop
Birth date
18.07.1899
Death Date
12.10.1990
Age of Death
91
Birth Place
Monongahela, Pennsylvania, United States
Death Place
Juno Beach, Florida, United States
Zodiac Sign
Cancer
Gender
Male
IQ Score
180
Fields of Expertise
Thermodynamics
Languages
English
Ocupation
Thermodynamicist
Education
Carnegie-Mellon University
Frederick Rossini

Frederick Dominic Rossini was an American thermodynamicist noted for his work in chemical thermodynamics.

In 1920, at the age of twenty-one, Rossini entered Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh, and soon was awarded a full-time teaching scholarship. He graduated with a B.S. in chemical engineering in 1925, followed by an M.S. degree in science in physical chemistry in 1926.

As a result of reading Lewis and Randall's classical 1923 textbook Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances he wrote to Gilbert N. Lewis and as a result he was offered a teaching fellowship at the University of California at Berkeley. Among his teachers were Gilbert Lewis and William Giauque. Rossini's doctoral dissertation on the heat capacities of strong electrolytes in aqueous solution was supervised by Merle Randall. His Ph.D. degree was awarded in 1928, after only 21 months of graduate work, even though he continued to serve as a teaching fellow throughout this entire period. He worked at the National Bureau of Standards Washington, DC from 1928 to 1950.

In 1932, Frederick Rossini, Edward W. Washburn, and Mikkel Frandsen authored “The Calorimetric Determination of the Intrinsic Energy of Gases as a Function of the Pressure.” This experiment resulted in the development of the Washburn Correction for bomb calorimetry, a decrease or correction of the results of a calorimetric procedure to normal states.

In 1950, he published his popular textbook Chemical Thermodynamics. In that year he also moved to the Carnegie Institute of Technology Pittsburgh, where he remained until 1960. He served as dean of the Notre Dame College of Science from 1960 to 1967.

In 1973, Dr. Rossini spent the spring academic quarter at Baldwin-Wallace College, in Berea Ohio, as the first distinguished professor to occupy the Charles J. Strosacker Chair of Science. The Baldwin-Wallace College student union was named after "the late Dr. strosacker, who was vice president of The Dow Chemical Company, was a B-W trustee for 17 years. The college union was named in his honor in 1963."

Awards

  • In 1965 he became the recipient of the Laetare Medal.
  • In 1965 he received the John Price Wetherill Medal.
  • In 1971 he received the Priestley Medal.
  • In 1977 he received the National Medal of Science for his "contributions to basic reference knowledge in chemical thermodynamics."
Best Known For: Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances
Fulfilled his Potential: Yes
Citizen Of: United States
Worked at: Carnegie-Mellon University
Discussion
Frederick Rossini

Welcome To Geniuses.Club!

Here you’ll find All that’s interesting about humanity’s Great Minds
Biographies, Articles, Videos, Quotes, Geni-Shop
Who was Born / Died on each day & Where
And much more
Continue!