Omar Khayyam was a Persian astronomer, writer, poet and mathematician renowned in Iran for his scientific achievements.
English-speaking readers know of his extraordinary work through the translation of his collection of hundreds of quatrains (or rubais) in Rubaiyat, an 1859 work on the “the Astronomer-Poet of Persia”.
In his honour, Google has changed its logo into a dedicated animation, or doodle, in 17 countries with an image highlighting Khayyam and his most important achievements.
But in his lifetime, the scientist and writer was not always appreciated for his work.
This is his story: