In the second half of the 20th century, the world saw the emergence of a diverse range of geniuses who made significant contributions to a wide variety of fields. From science and technology to the arts and humanities, these individuals pushed the boundaries of human knowledge and made lasting impacts on the world around us.

To celebrate the achievements of these brilliant minds, we have compiled a list of 100 notable geniuses from the second half of the 20th century. From renowned scientists like Stephen Hawking and Marie Curie to groundbreaking artists like David Bowie and Salvador Dali, this list represents a diverse range of geniuses who have left a lasting legacy.Stephen Hawking: Theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author

- Steve Jobs: Co-founder of Apple Inc. and pioneer in computer technology
- Bill Gates: Co-founder of Microsoft and pioneer in the personal computer industry
- Marie Curie: Scientist and pioneering researcher in the fields of radioactivity and chemistry
- Albert Einstein: Theoretical physicist and mathematician, known for his theory of relativity and other contributions to science
- Neil Armstrong: Astronaut and the first person to walk on the moon
- John F. Kennedy: President of the United States, known for his leadership during the Cuban Missile Crisis and for his commitment to civil rights and space exploration
- Martin Luther King Jr.: Civil rights leader and activist, known for his role in the civil rights movement and his work to promote racial equality
- Mahatma Gandhi: Leader of the Indian independence movement, known for his philosophy of nonviolence and civil disobedience
- Nelson Mandela: Anti-apartheid revolutionary and statesman, known for his role in the struggle against racial segregation in South Africa and his efforts to promote democracy and reconciliation in the country
- Rosa Parks: Civil rights activist, known for her role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott and her efforts to promote racial equality
- John D. Rockefeller: Industrialist, philanthropist, and co-founder of Standard Oil
- Warren Buffett: Investor, business magnate, and philanthropist
- Elon Musk: Entrepreneur and engineer, known for his work in the fields of electric vehicles, space exploration, and renewable energy
- Jeff Bezos: Founder and CEO of Amazon, known for his innovative leadership and business strategies
- Steve Wozniak: Co-founder of Apple Inc. and pioneer in computer technology
- Tim Berners-Lee: Computer scientist and inventor, known for his development of the World Wide Web
- James D. Watson: Molecular biologist, geneticist, and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA
- Francis Crick: Molecular biologist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA
- Isaac Asimov: Author and biochemist, known for his science fiction novels and his contributions to science
- Carl Sagan: Astronomer, astrophysicist, and science communicator, known for his popular science books and television programs
- Richard Feynman: Theoretical physicist, known for his work in quantum mechanics and his contributions to the development of the atomic bomb
- Roger Penrose: Mathematician and physicist, known for his contributions to the fields of general relativity and cosmology
- Murray Gell-Mann: Theoretical physicist, known for his work on the theory of elementary particles and his contributions to the development of the Standard Model
- Freeman Dyson: Theoretical physicist and mathematician, known for his contributions to the fields of quantum electrodynamics and nuclear engineering
- Paul Dirac: Theoretical physicist, known for his contributions to the
- Enrico Fermi: Physicist, known for his work on nuclear reactions and his contributions to the development of the atomic bomb
- Robert Oppenheimer: Physicist, known for his role in the development of the atomic bomb and his contributions to theoretical physics
- Edward Teller: Physicist, known for his work on nuclear weapons and his contributions to the development of the hydrogen bomb
- John Bardeen: Engineer and physicist, known for his contributions to the development of the transistor and his work on superconductivity
- Wolfgang Pauli: Theoretical physicist, known for his contributions to the development of quantum mechanics and his work on the exclusion principle
- John von Neumann: Mathematician and computer scientist, known for his contributions to the development of computer science and game theory
- George Boole: Mathematician, known for his contributions to the development of Boolean algebra and the foundations of computer science
- Alan Turing: Computer scientist and mathematician, known for his contributions to the development of computer science and his work on the Enigma machine during World War II
- Claude Shannon: Engineer and mathematician, known for his contributions to the development of information theory and digital circuits
- Norbert Wiener: Mathematician and engineer, known for his contributions to the development of cybernetics and information theory
- John Horton Conway: Mathematician, known for his work on recreational mathematics and his contributions to the field of combinatorial game theory
- Paul Erdős: Mathematician, known for his contributions to the fields of combinatorics and number theory
- Benoit Mandelbrot: Mathematician and scientist, known for his contributions to the field of fractal geometry
- Vladimir Arnold: Mathematician, known for his contributions to the fields of dynamical systems and differential equations
- Grigori Perelman: Mathematician, known for his proof of the Poincaré conjecture
- Andrew Wiles: Mathematician, known for his proof of Fermat's Last Theorem
- Srinivasa Ramanujan: Mathematician, known for his contributions to number theory and his pioneering work on elliptic functions and modular forms
- Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac: Theoretical physicist, known for his contributions to the development of quantum mechanics and his prediction of antimatter
- Ennio de Giorgi: Mathematician, known for his contributions to the fields of calculus of variations and partial differential equations
- Alexander Grothendieck: Mathematician, known for his contributions to the fields of algebraic geometry and category theory
- Joseph-Louis Lagrange: Mathematician, known for his contributions to the fields of classical mechanics and mathematics
- Pierre-Simon Laplace: Mathematician and astronomer, known for his contributions to the fields of celestial mechanics and probability theory
- Leonard Euler: Mathematician, known for his contributions to the fields of calculus and topology
- David Hilbert: Mathematician, known for his contributions to the fields of geometry and functional analysis
- Henri Poincaré: Mathematician and physicist, known for his contributions to the fields of mathematics and physics
- Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier: Mathematician and physicist, known for his contributions to the fields of mathematics and physics
- Carl Friedrich Gauss: Mathematician, physicist, and astronomer, known for his contributions to the fields of mathematics, physics, and astronomy
- Johann Bernoulli: Mathematician and physicist, known for his contributions to the fields of mathematics and physics
- Leonhard Euler: Mathematician and physicist, known for his contributions to the fields of mathematics and physics
- Isaac Newton: Mathematician, physicist, and astronomer, known for his contributions to the fields of mathematics, physics, and astronomy
- Albert Camus: Philosopher, writer, and journalist, known for his contributions to the philosophy of absurdism and his work on the human condition
- Jean-Paul Sartre: Philosopher and writer, known for his contributions to existentialism and his political activism
- Michel Foucault: Philosopher, historian, and social theorist, known for his work on power, knowledge, and identity
- Jean-François Lyotard: Philosopher and writer, known for his contributions to postmodernism and his work on the concept of the "postmodern condition"
- Jacques Derrida: Philosopher and writer, known for his contributions to deconstruction and his work on the concept of "différance"
- Gilles Deleuze: Philosopher and writer, known for his contributions to poststructuralism and his work on the concept of desire
- Félix Guattari: Psychoanalyst, philosopher, and activist, known for his contributions to schizoanalysis and his work on the concept of desire
- Pierre-Félix Guattari: Psychoanalyst and philosopher, known for his contributions to schizoanalysis and his work on the concept of desire
- Jean-Luc Godard: Filmmaker, known for his contributions to the French New Wave movement and his innovative approach to cinema
- Federico Fellini: Filmmaker, known for his surrealist and expressive films
- Akira Kurosawa: Filmmaker, known for his samurai films and his influence on western cinema
- Ingmar Bergman: Filmmaker, known for his psychological dramas and his contributions to the Swedish film industry
- Stanley Kubrick: Filmmaker, known for his innovative and thought-provoking films
- Orson Welles: Filmmaker, actor, and writer, known for his contributions to the film industry and his innovative use of radio
- Woody Allen: Filmmaker, actor, and comedian, known for his neurotic and intellectual characters and his contributions to the film industry
- George Lucas: Filmmaker and producer, known for his work on the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises
- Steven Spielberg: Filmmaker and producer, known for his work on blockbuster films such as Jaws, E.T., and Jurassic Park
- Martin Scorsese: Filmmaker, known for his contributions to the New Hollywood movement and his work on films such as Taxi Driver
- Francis Ford Coppola: Filmmaker and producer, known for his work on the Godfather films and his contributions to the New Hollywood movement
- Oliver Stone: Filmmaker, known for his political films and his controversial approach to storytelling
- Spike Lee: Filmmaker, known for his socially conscious films and his contributions to African-American cinema
- David Lynch: Filmmaker, known for his surrealist and enigmatic films
- Quentin Tarantino: Filmmaker, known for his unconventional storytelling style and his work on films such as Pulp Fiction and Kill Bill
- James Cameron: Filmmaker, known for his work on blockbuster films such as Titanic and Avatar
- Christopher Nolan: Filmmaker, known for his innovative and thought-provoking films such as Memento and Inception
- Tim Burton: Filmmaker, known for his distinctive visual style and his work on films such as Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, and Batman
- Guillermo del Toro: Filmmaker, known for his work on fantasy and horror films such as Pan's Labyrinth and The Shape of Water
- Wes Anderson: Filmmaker, known for his quirky and unconventional films such as The Grand Budapest Hotel and Moonrise Kingdom
- Darren Aronofsky: Filmmaker, known for his provocative and visually striking films such as Black Swan and Requiem for a Dream
- Paul Thomas Anderson: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as Boogie Nights and There Will Be Blood
- Sofia Coppola: Filmmaker, known for her work on films such as The Virgin Suicides and Lost in Translation
- Joel and Ethan Coen: Filmmakers, known for their work on films such as Fargo and The Big Lebowski
- Terrence Malick: Filmmaker, known for his visually stunning and philosophical films such as The Thin Red Line and The Tree of Life
- David Fincher: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as Fight Club and The Social Network
- Paul Greengrass: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as United 93 and the Bourne series
- Alejandro G. Iñárritu: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as Birdman and The Revenant
- Ang Lee: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon and Life of Pi
- Danny Boyle: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as Trainspotting and Slumdog Millionaire
- Christopher McQuarrie: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as The Usual Suspects
- Kathryn Bigelow: Filmmaker, known for her work on films such as The Hurt Locker and Zero Dark Thirty
- Michael Mann: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as Heat and Collateral
- Sam Mendes: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as American Beauty and Skyfall
- M. Night Shyamalan: Filmmaker, known for his work on films such as The Sixth Sense and Split.
- Prince: Musician, known for his contributions to the development of funk and soul music and his impact on popular culture
- J.K. Rowling: Author, known for her work on the Harry Potter series