Articles Of The Week

Pioneers in Optics: Heinrich Rudolph Hertz

cambridge.org
The German physicist Heinrich Hertz is widely known for being one of the first scientists to broadcast and receive electromagnetic waves, but he is also important for his contributions to the field of...

The timeless allure of Chekhov

irishtimes.com
 From modest beginnings, Anton Chekhov didn't expect his fame to last, yet as both a short story writer and a dramatist, born 150 years ago, he is one of the immortals, writes EILEEN BATTERSBY.AN...

SIR ANDREW WILES ON THE STRUGGLE & BEAUTY OF MATHEMATICS

blog.sciencemuseum.org.uk
One of the world’s greatest mathematicians, Sir Andrew Wiles, made a rare public appearance in the Science Museum this week to discuss his latest research, his belief in the value of struggle, and h...

Joseph Lister and the performance of antiseptic surgery

royalsocietypublishing.org
This article highlights a neglected feature of Joseph Lister's work, namely how, in addition to promoting germ theories and the principles of the antiseptic system, he also devoted much time and effor...

Bicentenary of Stahl (1660–1734)

nature.com
Two hundred years ago, on May 14, 1734, Georg Ernst Stahl, the celebrated German physician and chemist, died at Berlin at seventy-three years of age. For many years he had been physician to Frederick ...

Composer Profile: Vincenzo Bellini, Bel Canto Master Of Fluid Melody

operawire.com
Vincenzo Bellini is one of the most famous composers of the bel canto era.

The Absent-Minded Father of Cybernetics, Norbert Wiener

cantorsparadise.com
American mathematician Norbert Wiener (1894–1964) was by all accounts, a very peculiar man. After graduating from high school at 11 years old, he entered Tufts College and within three years was awa...

Return of cybernetics

nature.com
Brain–machine interfaces were envisioned already in the 1940s by Norbert Wiener, the father of cybernetics. The opportunities for enhancing human capabilities and restoring functions are now quickly...

Who Is Tartaglia Really? - Introduction

maa.org
The discovery of the algebraic solution of cubic equations in the 16th century is connected with three Italian mathematicians: Scipione dal Ferro (1465-1526), Nicolo Tartaglia (1499/1500-1557), a...

Martin Gardner

livemint.com
Take a right angled triangle whose two shorter sides are 6cm long and 8cm long. Draw squares on each of those sides. Add their areas—36 and 64 sq cm, respectively. What you get is, as Pythagoras tol...

Euler: a mathematician without equal and an overall nice guy

irishtimes.com
Mathematicians are an odd bunch. Isaac Newton was decidedly unpleasant, secretive and resentful while Carl Friedrich Gauss, according to several biographies, was cold and austere, more likely to criti...

The legacy of Leonhard Euler – a tricentennial tribute

tandfonline.com
This tricentennial tribute commemorates Euler's major contributions to mathematical and physical sciences. A brief biographical sketch is presented with his major contributions to certain selected are...

The macho sperm myth

aeon.co
Before science was able to shed light on human reproduction, most people thought new life arose through spontaneous generation from non-living matter. That changed a smidgen in the middle of the 17th ...

Goodbye homunculus

nature.com
If there is one thing that I remember with mixed feelings from my biology classes, it is Nicolaas Hartsoeker's drawing of the homunculus from 1694, which shows a tiny man curled up inside a sperm, or ...

Nettie Stevens discovered XY sex chromosomes. She didn't get credit because she had two X’s.

vox.com
At the turn of the 20th century, biologist Nettie Stevens was driven to solve a scientific mystery that had perplexed humanity for millennia. The mystery was so simple but daunting: Why do boys become...

Marcello Malpighi and the discovery of the pulmonary capillaries and alveoli

journals.physiology.org
Marcello Malpighi (1628–1694) was an Italian scientist who made outstanding contributions in many areas, including the anatomical basis of respiration in amphibia, mammals, and insects and also in t...

Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694): Pioneer of microscopic anatomy and exponent of the scientific revolution of the 17 th Century

researchgate.net
Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694) was an Italian anatomist and an eminent scientist who significantly contributed to the advancement of the anatomical sciences in the 17 th century. Malpighi was one of th...

Medicine and science in the life of Luigi Galvani

pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Together with its companion paper, dealing with the contribution of Luigi Galvani to the history of electrophysiology, this article provides a biographical sketch of the scientist of Bologna in the oc...

Drool: Ivan Pavlov’s real quest

newyorker.com
As a college student, B. F. Skinner gave little thought to psychology. He had hoped to become a novelist, and majored in English. Then, in 1927, when he was twenty-three, he read an essay by H. G...

Restoring a Master’s Voice

nytimes.com
Using instruments like metronomes and harmoniums, he demonstrated that a dog could make astonishingly fine discriminations — distinguishing between a rhythm of 96 and 104 beats a minute or an ascend...

Pavlov's Dogs

simplypsychology.org
Like many great scientific advances, Pavlovian conditioning (aka classical conditioning) was discovered accidentally.During the 1890s, Russian physiologist, Ivan Pavlov was researching salivation in d...

Hermann Von Helmholtz and the new psychology.

psycnet.apa.org
Discusses the contributions of Hermann Von Helmholtz in the field of psychology. Hemholtz presented a pioneer work in the field of 'Conservation of Energy'. He applied the doctrine of the specific ene...

Fechner, information, and shape perception

link.springer.com
Spatial vision is so marvelously effective that usually it is taken for granted. We perceive environmental objects but not the visual instrument by which they are revealed. Spatial vision pervades our...

William James, Gustav Fechner, and Early Psychophysics

frontiersin.org
American psychologist and philosopher William James devoted the entirety of his career to exploring the nature of volition, as expressed by such phenomena as will, attention, and belief. As part of th...

The Bizarre Beliefs of Astronomer Percival Lowell

smithsonianmag.com
Astronomer Percival Lowell, born on this day in 1855, left a very concrete legacy in the form of the Lowell Observatory. His other legacies are less tangible, but have also had lasting effects.At his ...

Questioning Copernican Mediocrity

americanscientist.org
The Earth is not at the center of the universe, a conclusion we owe to the model of the universe created by 15th-century mathematician and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus. The inference that we are the...

Copernicus's revolutionary ideas reorganized the heavens

nationalgeographic.com
Rumors were circulating in the 1530s that Nicolaus Copernicus, a cathedral cleric in a small Polish city, had written a revolutionary theory on the cosmos. To the frustration of many, however, the sec...

Copernicus Unearthed

smithsonianmag.com
Nicolaus Copernicus was the first to demonstrate that the earth orbited the sun, upsetting the prevailing notion that the earth was the center of the cosmos. But the Polish astronomer died in obscurit...

Life’s Work: An Interview with Neil deGrasse Tyson

hbr.org
Neil deGrasse Tyson decided he wanted to become an astrophysicist at age nine, after his first visit to New York City’s Hayden Planetarium. Less than 30 years later, he was appointed its director. T...

In Their Own Words: Neil deGrasse Tyson

academic.oup.com
Well, my earliest memory related to that is when I was nine, in a first family visit to the Hayden Planetarium, my local planetarium here in New York City. The reason I say it was the first thoughts r...

Why did Parimarjan Negi quit chess?

chessbase.in
He was a child prodigy, a rising star, the future of chess. He grew up breaking one record after another and was the source of his nation’s pride. He loved the game. Yet, at a certain point he ...

Peter Leko: One draw from the title

chess24.com
At 40 years old, Peter Leko is the youngest of the legends in the chess24 Legends of Chess, but the Hungarian began his chess career early and rose fast. At 14 he set a new record as the youngest gran...

Stanford-bound Negi turns ‘author’ to fund his education

thehindu.com
Having spearheaded India to a historic first medal in the recent Chess Olympiad in Tromso, Norway, Parimarjan Negi is now headed to Stanford University for a four-year under-graduate course.When it co...

The consistency of Nihal Sarin

chessbase.in
How many tournaments did you play from January 2018 until now? Somewhere between 10-15, right? Well, the 14-year-old Indian prodigy Nihal Sarin also played 13 classical events, But guess what? In none...

Second title for Nihal Sarin

thehindu.com
Rated 2620 as per latest ratings, Nihal has gained 35 points from the last two events to reach a live rating of 2655Grandmaster Nihal Sarin warmed up for the upcoming World Cup with his second title i...

MVL Interview: 'Clock Ticking On World Championship'

chess.com
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave tells David Cox about his chess origins, the state of elite chess and his world championship ambitions. 2019 is all about unfinished business for Maxime Vachier-Lagrave. Kn...
War

Little Phil: A Reassessment of the Civil War Leadership of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan (review)

muse.jhu.edu
For nearly 140 years, historians have heralded Philip Henry Sheridan as one of the Union Army's four greatest generals, ranking him alongside Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and George H. Thomas...
War

Little Phil: A Reassessment of the Civil War Leadership of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan (review)

muse.jhu.edu
The two best-known cavalry commanders in the eastern theater of the Civil War, J. E. B. Stuart and Phil Sheridan, both seemed to enjoy considerable professional and historiographical luck, and neither...
War

Jean-Victor Moreau and His Exile in America

geriwalton.com
Jean-Victor Moreau was exiled to America after Napoleon Bonaparte banished him to the United States. Moreau, who was a friend to Madame Récamier and Madame de Staël, had served as a general under Na...
War

Guns, germs, and horses brought Cortés victory over the mighty Aztec empire

nationalgeographic.com
After the expedition led by Vasco Núñez de Balboa who crossed Central America to reach the Pacific in 1513, Europeans began to see the full economic potential of this "New World." At first, coloni...
War

Hernán Cortés: Conqueror of the Aztecs

livescience.com
Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain. He also helped colonize Cuba and became a governor of N...
War

The Price of Greed: Hannibal's Betrayal by Carthage

worldhistory.org
Hannibal Barca (l. 247-183 BCE), the brilliant Carthaginian general of the Second Punic War (218-202 BCE), had the military talent, expertise, and skill to have won the conflict but was denied the res...

The devil’s doctor: Paracelsus and the world of Renaissance magic and science

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Contentious, cantankerous, and sometimes self contradictory, the peripatetic Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, better known as Paracelsus, was arguably the prototype of the physician-scientist. Bo...

Paracelsus and the science of nutrition in the renaissance

europepmc.org
Paracelsus (1493-1541) was a Swiss chemist and physician. As professor of medicine in Basel, he violently opposed traditional Galenic medicine and emphasized direct observation instead. His nonconform...

Paracelsus: Herald of Modern Toxicology

academic.oup.com
Paracelsus, Philippus Theophrastus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim, the “father of chemistry and the reformer of materia medica,” the “Luther of Medicine,” the “godfather of modern chemothe...

Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Al Razi (Rhazes): Philosopher, Physician and Alchemist

researchgate.net
His teacher in medicine was Ali Ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, a physician and philosopher born to a Jewish family in Merv, Tabaristan of modern-today Iran. Ibn Rabban converted to Islam during the rule o...

Al-Razi and Islamic medicine in the 9th century

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Although Baghdad was only 50 years old in the 9th century, it was at the peak of its political power; a powerhouse of learning and the leading medical centre of the time. It was there that many import...

This Montana farm boy became a scientific legend, developing vaccines to protect kids worldwide

washingtonpost.com
Maurice Hilleman was born into tragedy just over a century ago, far from the places usually thought of as citadels of scientific discovery.His twin sister died at birth and his mother two days later. ...

Musical Education in the Tchaikovsky Family: The First Years of the Childhood of the Future Composer

tandfonline.com
The article presents a psychological, anthropological, and pedagogical analysis of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s childhood, which he spent in Votkinsk (which is now located in the Udmurt Republic).&nbs...

Tchaikovsky: Conflicted, Neurotic, Brilliant

californiasymphony.org
GROWING UP TCHAIKOVSKYBorn May 7, 1840 in Kamsko-Votkinsk in Russia, Tchaikovsky was a deeply sensitive and emotional child who exceled in foreign languages and music from an early age. In an era when...

Why Do We Still Love Tchaikovsky?

wsj.com
‘Beloved Friend” is the phrase Russian icon Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) used to address his benefactress, Nadezhda von Meck, during their long, epistolary relationship. By mutual consent,...

Godfather of Italian music

theguardian.com
Multi-artist tribute CDs crop up all over the place, celebrating the most unlikely songwriters and cult figures, from Cole Porter to Gary Numan and Dusty Springfield, but few have the consistency, gra...

Italian Cinema and the age of Nino Rota

bachtrack.com
Italian film has enjoyed something of a revival in the last couple of decades, and lively soundtracks have played their part. Nanni Moretti's Caro Diario (1993) sees the director and protagonist explo...

The other Rota

newcriterion.com
For some, he merely wrote the score of The Godfather. For the slightly more knowledgeable, he composed all the best Fellini scores. For the still better informed, he also provided many other directors...

Maurice Wilkins wins Nobel Prize

nzhistory.govt.nz
New Zealand-born Maurice Wilkins and his colleagues James Watson and Francis Crick shared the prize for their investigation of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the genetic molecule found ...

Maurice Wilkins, the Third Man of DNA

bbvaopenmind.com
Watson and Crick are two names as inextricably linked as Watson and Holmes. Every day, schools and universities around the world are reminded of the two co-discovers of the DNA double helix. But when ...

The discovery of uranium by Martin Heinrich Klaproth 200 years ago

inis.iaea.org
 200 years ago - on September 24, 1789 - the pharmacist Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1743-1817) stated his discovery of uranium in the hearing of the Royal Prussian Academy of sciences in Berlin. Th...

Madame Curie’s Passion

smithsonianmag.com
When Marie Curie came to the United States for the first time, in May 1921, she had already discovered the elements radium and polonium, coined the term “radio-active” and won the Nobel Prize—tw...

The life and legacy of Marie Curie.

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Marie Curie was a remarkable woman whose discoveries broke new ground in physics and chemistry and also opened the door for advances in engineering, biology, and medicine. She broke new ground for wom...

Pasteur’s lifelong engagement with the fine arts: uncovering a scientist’s passion and personality

tandfonline.com
The French chemist Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) chose to be actively engaged in the fine arts throughout his life—yet scholarship has ignored or dismissed these pursuits. This empirical study documen...

In perspective: Remembering Isambard Kingdom Brunel

cobaltrecruitment.co.uk
Today, Cobalt looks back on the life of a man regarded by many as the greatest engineer of all time – Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Relentlessly prolific, Brunel was responsible for constructing many pio...

Isambard Kingdom Brunel: The engineering giant with 'short man syndrome'

bbc.com
Allowing nothing to stand in his way, Isambard Kingdom Brunel built across gorges, tunnelled under rivers and through hills to construct railway lines, stations, bridges, viaducts and docks.His three ...

Letters reveal Isambard Kingdom Brunel's pollution concerns

theguardian.com
Newly discovered letters written by Isambard Kingdom Brunel more than 175 years ago show the pioneering engineer was aware of some of the environmental impact as he helped to industrialise Britain.Bru...

Letters, Papers From Howard Hughes To Be Auctioned

apnews.com
HOUSTON (AP) _ Letters from Howard Hughes to a onetime key aide and other items linked to the late billionaire will go on the auction block this weekend in what is billed as the first sale of its kind...

Howard Hughes Collection an Invaluable Lens Into Film History

unlv.edu
The classic silent The Passion of Joan of Arc was released in 1928, and, thanks to a 1929 fire, everyone thought the original cut of Carl Theodore Dreyer’s masterpiece was lost. Until a fu...

Was this billionaire recluse truly mad?

bbc.com
It takes a brave director to tackle a life story that Martin Scorsese has already put on screen, but that’s what Warren Beatty has done in Rules Don’t Apply. As well as writing, directing and prod...

Paul Dirac: The Man and his Work

iopscience.iop.org
Paul Dirac is an enigma. Unquestionably the greatest British theoretical physicist of this century, a Nobel Laureate at the age of 31, he ranks alongside Newton and Maxwell. His revolutionary contribu...

The Evolution of the Physicist's Picture of Nature

blogs.scientificamerican.com
Editor's Note: We are republishing this article by Paul Dirac from the May 1963 issue of Scientific American, as it might be of interest to listeners to the June 24, 2010, and June 25, 2010 Science Ta...

The Forgotten Genius of Oliver Heaviside: A Maverick of Electrical Science

euro-math-soc.eu
Oliver Heaviside (1850-1925) was a British self-made electrical engineer and mathematician. He is probably best known as an electrical engineer, although his name is not explicitly attached to many te...

Oliver Heaviside: A first-rate oddity

physicstoday.scitation.org
When physicists today write down Maxwell’s equations in their standard vector form or simply set up a problem using vector analysis, they are drawing, usually without realizing it, on the work of Ol...

Oliver Heaviside's electromagnetic theory

royalsocietypublishing.org
The year 2018 marks the 125th anniversary of the first of three published volumes on electromagnetic theory by the eminent Victorian electrical engineer, physicist and mathematician, Oliver Heaviside ...

Atomic flashback: A century of the Bohr model

home.cern
The most instantly recognizable image of an atom resembles a miniature solar system with the concentric electron paths forming the planetary orbits and the nucleus at the centre like the sun. In July ...

The Smart Money Is on This Young Genius : Michael Kearney, 10, is the world’s youngest college graduate and a cultural hero in Japan but finds a less enthusiastic response in the U.S.

latimes.com
You might already have heard of Michael Kearney, who moved to the San Fernando Valley last year after graduating from college. He is an unusual member of the Class of ’94.For instance:* He is 10 yea...

Meet Michael Kearney: The youngest person in the world to graduate from a university

olhardigital.com.br
This week you met, here at Olhar Digital, the little belgian genius Laurent Simons, who, at just 11 years old, completed a degree in physics at the University of Antwerp in 12 months – a course that...

McKinney Whiz Kid Has IQ of 148, MENSA Member

nbcdfw.com
He is 11-years-old, but he's smarter than most adults. Jaxon Cota of from McKinney is considered profoundly gifted.His IQ score is 148. He was admitted to MENSA at the age of nine and was just accepte...

Inside the mind of Jaxon Cota an 11-year-old kid genius

worldation.com
The phrase ‘genius’ gets thrown around a lot these days and ahhh, what we would do to be considered a genius! Unfortunately, our intelligence and natural ability stops after the 3rd decimal of Pi ...

Tanishq Abraham: Going to college is fun for me and it hasn't ruined my childhood

timesofindia.indiatimes.com
Tanishq Abraham is just 15 years old. However, he has already accomplished what most kids his age would be planning for in the next stage of their lives.The child prodigy, whose parents Dr Taji and Bi...

10 things you should know about Tanishq Abraham: The 11 year old Indian American High School graduate

thebetterindia.com
At 11 he is a high school graduate, a TEDx speaker, a NASA speaker, a child prodigy, and aspires to become President of the USA. Here are 10 things you should know about the little genius.He aspires t...

What Price Genius? Father Pushes 10-Year-Old College Student

cbsnews.com
When Morley Safer first interviewed Adragon De Mello for 60 Minutes in 1987, the 10-year-old's father thought he was a genius. The boy, known as A.D., was in college because his father said there were...

Is teenage pianist Ariel Lanyi a ‘superhuman genius’?

hamhigh.co.uk
The Israeli musician tells Michael White about why he’s not interested in music as an ‘enterprise’.The Mill Hill Music Club has hosted plenty of distinguished players in its time, but not too ma...
Art

The Drama of Rubens

sothebys.com
In the 17th century, members of the French Royal Academy split into either Poussinistes, preferring the ordered works of Nicolas Poussin, or Rubénistes, lovers of Peter Paul Rubens’s richly hued fo...
Art

How Paul Cézanne Charted a New Path with His Boundary-Pushing Still Lifes and Landscapes

artnews.com
Paul Cézanne, the famed Post-Impressionist who painted a range of subjects in natural and domestic spaces, may now rank among the most celebrated artists of the 19th-century, but he didn’t always h...
Art

National Gallery’s ‘unloved’ Poussin is genuine after all

thetimes.co.uk
For decades Anthony Blunt helped to perpetuate the idea that one of the National Gallery’s first acquisitions was a worthless work from the studio of Nicolas Poussin. But the late art historian’s ...
Art

Nicolas Poussin: 'the most perfect painter of all the moderns'

artuk.org
Nicolas Poussin was born in June 1594 in or near the town of Les Andelys in Normandy, the son of a nobleman whose fortunes had been ruined in the wars of religion. His early education included a groun...
Art

A passion for Nicolas Poussin

theguardian.com
A nymph lies dreaming, her white body cushioned by green and brown grasses and sheltered by fanlike trees, under a sky of blue and grey. Two hairy-legged satyrs, creatures of lust and animal instinct ...
Art

Michelangelo gave me a new perspective on aging

press.princeton.edu
I needed to pass age sixty before I could write a book about the artist Michelangelo Buonarroti in his seventies and eighties. How else could one understand those nagging aches of the body, the fear t...

Otto von Guericke’s Cometary Theory in Stanisław Lubieniecki’s Correspondence

journals.sagepub.com
Drawing on the results of his experiments with vacuum, Otto von Guericke put forward his own theory of comets. He explained this theory in his letters to Stanisław Lubieniecki who later published Gue...

Life and Achievement of Otto von Guericke as a Pioneer of Vacuum Science and Technology

researchgate.net
Scientific achievement of Otto von Guericke was very remarkable, but it was not introduced in detail in Japan. This was due to his demonstrating experiment with Magdeburug hemisphere using horses was ...

Mister Mary Somerville: Husband and Secretary

link.springer.com
Mary Somerville’s life as a mathematician and savant in nineteenth-century Great Britain was heavily influenced by her gender; as a woman, her access to the ideas and resources developed and circula...

Mary Somerville’s vision of science

physicstoday.scitation.org
In 1834 mathematician and author Mary Somerville published On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, a work that was instrumental in the making of modern physics as a discipline. Contemporaries prais...

Joseph Henry's role in the discovery of electromagnetic induction

iopscience.iop.org
The discovery of electromagnetic induction in the early part of the 19th century is one of the greatest scientific achievements of all time, and it has had tremendous technological consequences. The c...

Philoponus’ Dispute Against the Eternity of the World and Its Influence on the Byzantine Philosophy


brill.com
Sixth century CE is an epoch, which divides the periods of Late Antiquity and that of Byzantium, an era of the decline of Neoplatonism and dispersal of philosophical schools, a period in which Christi...

Albert Einstein Biography From Nobel Lectures

Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. Six weeks later the family moved to Munich, where he later on began his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later, t...

The Many Minds of Marvin Minsky (R.I.P.)

blogs.scientificamerican.com
Marvin Minsky, a pioneer of artificial intelligence, died on Sunday, January 24, in Boston, according to The New York Times. He was 88. Minsky contributed two important articles to Scientific American...

The society of mind: Marvin Minsky

sciencedirect.com
Artificial intelligence is fundamentally an engineering discipline; our collective goal of constructing an intelligent artifact is fundamentally an engineering one. Good engineering builds on good sci...

Students: Put Away Your Blocks

content.time.com
Michael Grost was pretty downcast. His parents had promised him ten Superman comic books if he got an A in school. Instead, he got only a B+ and five comics. But Mike's parents were delighted, for the...

The career rise and fabulous life of Google cofounder Larry Page, who just stepped down CEO of Alphabet

businessinsider.com
Larry Page is one of the most powerful people in the world.The quirky, soft-spoken computer scientist co-founded Google with Sergey Brin in 1998. As Google evolved into a multi-billion-dollar juggerna...

THE RISE, DISAPPEARANCE, AND RETIREMENT OF GOOGLE CO-FOUNDERS LARRY PAGE AND SERGEY BRIN

theverge.com
No two tech executives are quite as enigmatic and private as Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The two men, who started Google more than 20 years ago while computer science graduate stude...

This is Grace: Read the Story of Grace Hopper

timeforkids.com
Grace Murray was born in New York City in 1906. In an era when girls were expected to play house, Grace loved climbing trees, hiking, sailing, and reading. She also played basketball, hockey, and wate...

What Made Albert Einstein a Genius?

medium.com
Albert Einstein is one of the most intelligent minds the world has ever seen. His theories changed the way we view the universe, and his name is now synonymous with what it means to be a genius. He wo...

Why Einstein Was a Genius

sciencemag.org
Albert Einstein is widely regarded as a genius, but how did he get that way? Many researchers have assumed that it took a very special brain to come up with the theory of relativity and other stunning...

There’s a link between autism and genius

nypost.com
After a 45-minute helicopter ride over Rome, the artist Stephen Wiltshire drew a vast, 51/2-yard-wide cityscape in striking detail from memory. It was described as “frighteningly right.”Flo and Ka...

What Makes a Genius?

nationalgeographic.com
Some minds are so exceptional they change the world. We don’t know exactly why these people soar above the rest of us, but science offers us clues. ...

IQ Tests

IQ, or "intelligent Quotient" is a psychological measure of rating human intelligence. The sum of the IQ represents the total score derived from a set of standardized tests. The term "IQ" was coined b...

About Geniuses.Club

Geniuses.Club founded for the love of great minds! As anyone with a bit of appreciation to beauty, we see great minds as the secret spice of humanity. They, each one with his own talent, amaze us...
IQ

These Are The 16 Smartest People On The Face Of The Earth

2oceansvibe.com
Whether you agree or disagree with them, IQ tests are the most commonly accepted measure of intelligence. Using IQ data, garnered from The World Genius Directory, the folks over at Business Insider ha...
IQ

Rick Rosner

lifeextension.com
Richard “Rick” Rosner is credited with having the world’s second-highest IQ. That ranking very likely under-represents his cognitive abilities.This Life Extension® member has received the highe...
IQ

The World's Second-Smartest Man Tells Us What Makes Him Feel Stupid

businessinsider.com
Rick Rosner — the second-smartest man in the world as ranked by IQ tests — sometimes feels stupid. "Not figuring things out faster makes me feel dumb," he told Business Insider UK. Of co...

UNDERESTIMATING MARILYN VOS SAVANT

medium.com
On September 9th of 1990, Marilyn Vos Savant sat in her office reading her Parade magazine column. After about a week, she had received more than 10,000 letters debating her response to a problem on a...

The cleverest person answers your questions

ft.com
Last month, FT Weekend Magazine featured a story about Marilyn vos Savant, who has the world’s highest recorded IQ – 228. She grew up in St Louis, Missouri, the daughter of German and Italian immi...

The Time Everyone “Corrected” the World’s Smartest Woman

priceonomics.com
Born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1946, the young savant quickly developed an aptitude for math and science. At age 10, she was given two intelligence tests -- the Stanford-Binet, and the Mega Test -- bo...

Barbara McClintock on Defining the Unstable Genome

genetics.org
From examination of instability of genic action at a number of known loci in maize, it is concluded that mutations need not express changes in genes, but may be the result of changes affecting the con...

Barbara McClintock’s Final Years as Nobelist and Mentor: A Memoir

sciencedirect.com
Early each morning for what seemed to be an eternity, a smallish figure walked along Bungtown Road at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL). Hands clasped behind her back, wearing khaki pants and a...

Barbara McClintock and the discovery of jumping genes

pnas.org
For much of the 20th century, genes were considered to be stable entities arranged in an orderly linear pattern on chromosomes, like beads on a string. In the late 1940s, Barbara McClintock challenged...

What Made Albert Einstein a Genius?

medium.com
Albert Einstein is one of the most intelligent minds the world has ever seen. His theories changed the way we view the universe, and his name is now synonymous with what it means to be a genius. He wo...

Why Einstein Was a Genius

sciencemag.org
Albert Einstein is widely regarded as a genius, but how did he get that way? Many researchers have assumed that it took a very special brain to come up with the theory of relativity and other stunning...

What Makes a Genius?

nationalgeographic.com
Some minds are so exceptional they change the world. We don’t know exactly why these people soar above the rest of us, but science offers us clues. ...

Daniel Tammet: “We don’t realise how far we can go until we try

lab.cccb.org
I have a condition called high-functioning autistic savant syndrome. It’s quite an unusual condition in which the connections between the different cells in the brain develop a little differently to...

Synesthesia and the Poetry of Numbers:

brainpickings.org
Daniel Tammet was born with an unusual mind — he was diagnosed with high-functioning autistic savant syndrome, which meant his brain’s uniquely wired circuits made possible such extraordinary feat...

A genius explains

theguardian.com
Daniel Tammet is an autistic savant. He can perform mind-boggling mathematical calculations at breakneck speeds. But unlike other savants, who can perform similar feats, Tammet can describe how he doe...

RIP Dick Clark (1929-2012)

mentalfloss.com
Since so much will be written about Dick Clark’s tenure on American Bandstand and the Pyramid game shows elsewhere, we'll try to provide you with some Dick Clark stories you may not necessarily read...

Twin Savants Fixated On Dick Clark

jezebel.com
A recent documentary on TLC showcased Flo and Kay, identical twin autistic savant sisters. They have an incredible memory that enables them to catalog dates, pop music, and everything involving their ...

Extraordinary People: The ‘Rain Man Twins’

dailygrail.com
In 1988 television journalist Dave Wagner was contacted by two fans: Flo and Kay Lyman, autistic twin sisters with savant abilities that included calendrical calculation and prodigious memories. Durin...

Maria Montessori challenged and changed how kids are taught, and remains influential today

theconversation.com
One hundred and fifty years after Maria Montessori’s birth, tens of thousands of teachers around the world still hail her innovations and educational philosophy.One of Italy’s first female doctors...

John Dewey’s Democracy and Education in an Era of Globalization

tandfonline.com
This year marks the hundred-year anniversary of John Dewey’s seminal work Democracy and Education. The centennial anniversary of Dewey’s influential book presents philosophers and educators an opp...

John Dewey and His Philosophy of Education

researchgate.net
This review paper on John Dewey, the pioneering educationist of the 20th century, discusses his educational thoughts, and writings, which gave a new direction to education at the turn of the century. ...

Daniel Tammet: “We don’t realise how far we can go until we try

lab.cccb.org
I have a condition called high-functioning autistic savant syndrome. It’s quite an unusual condition in which the connections between the different cells in the brain develop a little differently to...

Synesthesia and the Poetry of Numbers:

brainpickings.org
Daniel Tammet was born with an unusual mind — he was diagnosed with high-functioning autistic savant syndrome, which meant his brain’s uniquely wired circuits made possible such extraordinary feat...

A genius explains

theguardian.com
Daniel Tammet is an autistic savant. He can perform mind-boggling mathematical calculations at breakneck speeds. But unlike other savants, who can perform similar feats, Tammet can describe how he doe...

RIP Dick Clark (1929-2012)

mentalfloss.com
Since so much will be written about Dick Clark’s tenure on American Bandstand and the Pyramid game shows elsewhere, we'll try to provide you with some Dick Clark stories you may not necessarily read...

Twin Savants Fixated On Dick Clark

jezebel.com
A recent documentary on TLC showcased Flo and Kay, identical twin autistic savant sisters. They have an incredible memory that enables them to catalog dates, pop music, and everything involving their ...

Extraordinary People: The ‘Rain Man Twins’

dailygrail.com
In 1988 television journalist Dave Wagner was contacted by two fans: Flo and Kay Lyman, autistic twin sisters with savant abilities that included calendrical calculation and prodigious memories. Durin...

Knowing and killing. The analysis of a document on Paolo Sarpi kept at the British Library

cairn-int.info
A note written by Giovan Francesco Graziani, a brother of the Servites de Jésus-Marie convent, to Pope Paul V, is currently kept at the British Library. This article formulates hypotheses based on tw...

Toward a new normality in Via Paolo Sarpi

tandfonline.com
During the COVID-19 crisis (February–September 2020), Lombardy—the most populous region in Italy—suffered more than 101,705 contagions with more than 16,880 deaths. Such an amount of cases (38,9...

OLIVER CROMWELL: HERO OR VILLAIN?

yesterday.uktv.co.uk
Oliver Cromwell might well be the most controversial person in British history. The lowly landowner who became a quasi-king, helping slaying an actual king in the process, he's regarded as a champion ...

Oliver Cromwell, the man who wouldn’t be king

newstatesman.com
As readers of 1066 and All That will recall, Oliver Cromwell and his supporters were “Right but Repulsive”. But both adjectives may be questioned by readers of Paul Lay’s Providence Lost, a spir...

Oliver Cromwell

historic-uk.com
Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon, a small town near Cambridge, on 25 April 1599 to Robert Cromwell and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Steward.Although not a direct descendent of Henry V...

Dismantle All of This Stuff: A Conversation with Noam Chomsky

lareviewofbooks.org
NOAM CHOMSKY IS INDISPENSABLE. Just as it is impossible to imagine appreciating the dramatic arts without learning Shakespeare, or loving jazz trumpet without an appreciation of Louis Armstrong, it is...

A key, a casket and the hunt for Spanish dramatist Pedro Calderón's bones

theguardian.com
The death of Pedro Calderón de la Barca – soldier, priest and one of the finest dramatists Spain has produced – continues to prove almost as turbulent and unpredictable as his long and improbable...

Orestes A. Brownson' The American Republic

cambridge.org
While Roman Catholic commentary on specific phases of American life and politics fills many volumes, particularly in the form of periodical literature, systematic analyses of American government in te...

Oliver Goldsmith: Ireland’s great social networker and the London migrant’s friend

irishtimes.com
By the front gate of Trinity College Dublin, pedestrians stroll past two bronze statues. On the left, as you face the entrance, stands Edmund Burke. On the right stands Burke’s friend and Trinity co...

Novalis’ Poetic Uncertainty: A Bildung with the Absolute

tandfonline.com
Novalis, the Early German Romantic poet and philosopher, had at the core of his work a mysterious depiction of the ‘absolute’. The absolute is Novalis’ name for a substance that defies precise k...

Art of the nose and the belly

the-tls.co.uk
In 1828, a nineteen-year-old Nikolai Gogol arrived in St Petersburg from the Ukrainian provinces, armed with paper and quill and an outsider’s fertile imagination. Over the next fourteen years, firs...

An Incandescent Inanity

nybooks.com
Nikolai Gogol (1809–1852), Russia’s greatest comic writer, thoroughly baffled his contemporaries. Strange, peculiar, wacky, weird, bizarre, and other words indicating enigmatic oddity recur in des...

A Comparison of the Geological Contributions of Nicolaus Steno and Robert Hooke

tandfonline.com
Nicolaus Steno, the seventeenth-century Dane, has been honored by geologists as a founder of geology. In a comparison of Steno's geological contributions with those of the seventeenth-century Englishm...

BL. NICHOLAS STENO: THE MENDEL OF THE GEOSCIENCES

wordonfire.org
In the year 1666, the court of the Grand Duke Ferdinando de’ Medici in Florence saw the arrival of a most unusual object—the partial carcass of a great white shark. Fishermen had caught and killed...

How Nicolas Steno changed the way we see the world, literally

csmonitor.com
In 1669, Nicolas Steno rewrote the way people thought about the earth. And today, more than 300 years later, Google excavated his name from the history books for a special Google doodle tribute to the...

The Blasphemous Geologist Who Rocked Our Understanding of Earth’s Age

smithsonianmag.com
On a June afternoon in 1788, James Hutton stood before a rock outcropping on Scotland’s western coast named Siccar Point. There, before a couple of other members of the Scottish Enlightenment, ...

Who Was Harlen Bretz?

spokanehistorical.org
J Harlen Bretz, whose given name was Harley J. Bretz, was born in 1882 in Michigan. The oldest of five children, Bretz had an early interest in astronomy and the natural environment that surrounded hi...

How Inge Lehmann used earthquakes to discover the Earth’s inner core

vox.com
In the 1930s, seismologists faced a big mystery about the inner structure of the Earth. Today, on what would have been Danish seismologist Inge Lehmann's 127th birthday, it's a good time to appreciate...

Plato's testimony concerning Zeno of Elea

cambridge.org
In the opening paragraphs of Plato's Parmenides (126A–128E) we learn of a work by Zeno which could be read comfortably at a single sitting. As we know from the surviving fragments, it was full of ex...

Allegories of Destruction: “Woman” and “the Jew” in Otto Weininger's Sex and Character

tandfonline.com
This article investigates the constructions of masculinity, femininity, and Jewishness and their interrelation in Otto Weininger's widely discussed book Geschlecht und Charakter (Sex and Character, 19...

The Man behind the “New Man”

daily.jstor.org
There is no place to start with Otto Weininger other than his death. A recently graduated Viennese philosophy student, Weininger published an expanded version of his thesis under the title Sex and Cha...

Knowing our nature: A note on Régis’ response to Malebranche

sciencedirect.com
Nicolas Malebranche was the first Cartesian philosopher to challenge Descartes’ claim that we are capable of possessing a clear and distinct understanding of the soul's nature. Other Cartesians, inc...

What Can You Learn from Machiavelli?

insights.som.yale.edu
Let me begin with a simple question: Why are we still reading this book called The Prince, which was written 500 years ago?It’s a simple question but there’s no simple answer. If I were introducin...

Niccolo Machiavelli – the Cunning Critic of Political Reason

historytoday.com
Customarily, the name ‘Machiavelli’ was a synonym for the devil. The myth of the corrupt immorality of Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) has lasted for many centuries, the description ‘Machiavelli...

The Proportion of His Purpose: Peter Abelard’s as Sacred History

cairn-int.info
Peter Abelard had the habit of confidently obtruding logic into unexpected places and disciplines. A study of words and arguments, not things (whose study for Abelard would be physics), logic seemed a...

Origen, radical biblical scholar

theguardian.com
Origen was an ex post facto heretic, anathematised by the second council of Constantinople in 553, some three centuries after his death.Alexandria, Origen's birthplace, was the intellectual center of ...

ORIGEN’S LADDER

firstthings.com
No Christian writer of the early centuries elicited greater hostility among critics of the new religion than did Origen of Alexandria. He was born toward the end of the second century, at a time when ...

Origen of Alexandria: the study of the Scriptures as transformation of the readers into images of the God of love

scielo.org.za
For Origen, the purpose of reading the Scriptures is to be transformed more and more into the likeness of God, who is Love, through the Logos embodied in the Scriptures. This article first situated Or...

On the Medieval and the Modern: Reading Nicholas of Cusa

tandfonline.com
In addressing not only the Conciliarist controversy of his day but issues of civil and ecclesiastical government and challenges to the Church, from reform movements to the division between Catholic an...

Nicholas of Cusa and modern philosophy

cambridge.org
Nicholas of Cusa (Niklas Krebs, known as Cusanus, 1401-64), one of the most original and creative intellects of the fifteenth century, has been variously described as “the last great philosopher of ...

23 Surreal Facts About Salvador Dalí

mentalfloss.com
Salvador Dalí was one of the most famous painters of the 20th century. The Surrealist’s self-promotional antics and bizarre artwork made him an international celebrity early in his career, and ther...

The French Connection

sciencehistory.org
In December 1839 mathematician and economist Charles Babbage sent a letter to French astronomer François Arago. “There has arrived lately in London . . . a work which does the h...

Joseph Marie Jacquard's Innovative Loom

thoughtco.com
Most people probably don’t think of weaving looms as a forerunner of computers. But thanks to French silk weaver Joseph Marie Jacquard, enhancements to automated weaving helped lead to the invention...

Was Johannes Gutenberg a 15th-century con man?

theweek.com
Who printed the Gutenberg Bible? It sounds like a Groucho Marx joke, of the "Who's buried in Grant's tomb?" variety. But the story behind the invention of the printing press, and the first book ever p...

Johannes Gutenberg's Information Revolution

fee.org
Johann Gutenberg, the inventor of printing with moveable metal type, is a true benefactor of humankind. His innovative application of printing technologies was not only a showcase example of mark...

James Watt, engineer and man of science

royalsocietypublishing.org
IN the light of the controversy that has raged since the eighteenth century about the effects on British technological innovation of Watt’s patent for his improved steam-engine, granted in 1769 and ...

James Watt and Ocean Navigation

nature.com
IF it be asked what James Watt did during his long, busy, and eventful life to improve ocean navigation, or to adapt the steam engine to the work of propelling ships, I am obliged to reply that I am n...

John Bright: Voice of Victorian Liberalism

fee.org
Mr. Elliott resides in England. A graduate of the University of York, he is a regular contributor to the Journal of Economic Affairs, published by the Institute of Economic Affairs.John Bright did mor...

John Maynard Keynes Is the Economist the World Needs Now

bloomberg.com
Is there a doctor in the house? The global economy is failing to thrive, and its caretakers are fumbling. Greece took its medicine as instructed and was rewarded with an unemployment rate of 26 p...

Seven things you may not know about John Maynard Keynes

theguardian.com
1. John Maynard Keynes was the most important economist of the 20th century, but he had only eight weeks’ undergraduate training in the subject and never sat an examination in it. He studied classic...

Claude-Henri de Saint-Simon : Hierarchical Socialism?

ideas.repec.org
This paper puts forward some reflections on the fundamental issues of Saint-Simon’s vision of future society and on the event of Crédit Mobilier, a case of actual application of the theory, judged ...

Retrospectives: Edgeworth's Hedonimeter and the Quest to Measure Utility

aeaweb.org
In this article, I discuss some earlier debates about the foundations of utility and its measurement, focusing on the contributions of Francis Y. Edgeworth (1845-1926), a famous British economist who ...

Turgot and Condorcet: Progress, Reform and Revolution

historytoday.com
If they had done nothing else, Turgot and Condorcet would be remembered for their contributions to the ruling idea of the eighteenth century, the progress of mankind. Those who possessed this vision k...

Was Napoleon Bonaparte an enlightened leader or tyrant?

nationalgeographic.com
The year was 1802. France’s wealthiest colony, Saint-Domingue, on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola—today shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic—was in turmoil. As former slaves battled the...

Cruel despot or wise reformer? Napoleon’s two faces go on view

theguardian.com
A young, well-read and highly intelligent Frenchman comes to power, defeating an ultra-rightwing group. He has ambitions to reform France and place his country at the heart of a unified Europe. Britai...

Who Was Napoleon Bonaparte?

livescience.com
Napoleon Bonaparte rose from a family of minor nobles on the French island of Corsica to become ruler of much of continental Europe. After his 1815 defeat at the Battle of Waterloo (in what is now Bel...

Imposter: The Strange Case of the Life and Afterlife of Michel Ney, Field Marshal of France, and Peter Stuart Ney, Schoolmaster of the Carolinas

muse.jhu.edu
Whoever he is, he lies in a graveyard behind an unimposing brick church, the Third Creek Presbyterian in rural Cleveland, North Carolina, an hour or so northeast of Charlotte. It’s a country of wood...

10 Facts About Marshal Ney

historyhit.com
Michel Ney was one of the Marshals of the Empire – a prestigious sign of supreme military attainment – under Napoleon. Called the “bravest of the brave”, he was one of Napoleon’s most popula...

Matthew Fontaine Maury: Pathfinder of the Seas

librarypoint.org
This article was first printed in the May 1978 issue of the Fredericksburg Times magazine and appears here with the author's permission.This American who is truly deserving of the terms "gre...

The political fury of Percy Bysshe Shelley

opendemocracy.net
Imagine discovering a new set of string quartets by Beethoven or a large canvas by Turner that was thought to be lost. In either case, the mainstream media would have been agog, just as they were for ...

An introduction to the poetry of Percy Bysshe Shelley

theguardian.com
Our perhaps forgivable tendency to group the Romantic tribe of early 19th-century poets under a single collective title is a disservice both to history and to literature. Byron opened his Don Juan wit...

A Lost Child

newyorker.com
A CRITIC AT LARGE about the controversy over French child poet Minou Drouet… If you mention the name Minou Drouet to your French friends, not many of them under the age of fifty know whom you're tal...

The curious case of Minou Drouet

dawn.com
LATIN Quarter intellectuals had qualified it as the Dreyfus Affair of the literary world. To get a real load of this you have to bring to your imagination a still un-Americanised Paris of half a centu...

A tribute to Ludovico Ariosto: Orlando furioso's legacy in pop culture

leidenartsinsocietyblog.nl
In Orlando furioso, Ariosto describes a very lively world full of knights and wizards in which the reader can resort to his/her own imagination. It has always been a major source of inspiration (for V...

Gender identity and androgyny in Ludovico Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso and Virginia Woolf’s Orlando

muse.jhu.edu
Separated by nearly four hundred years, two literary works by Ludovico Ariosto and Virginia Woolf follow the story of the same chivalrous knight. In Ariosto’s epic poem, Orlando Furioso he continues...

Paul Allen’s Legacy of Extraordinary Homes

wsj.com
When Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen died in October at age 65, he left a cache of real-estate treasures, from a 4,000-acre Idaho retreat with meadows, trees, forestland and views of the Tetons, to a ...

The Gold Corner

blog.oup.com
One of the more audacious trading operations in Wall Street history occurred in September 1869. The “Gold Corner” as it quickly became known, involved nothing less than an attempt to force up...

The Legend of Jay Gould

paheritage.wpengine.com
He was the quintessential nineteenth century Robber Baron. One writer called him “The Mephistopheles of Wall Street.” A newspaper editor branded him “one of the most sinister figures that have e...

Louise and Andrew Carnegie: A Partnership

carnegiehall.org
Andrew Carnegie’s most trusted confidant was his wife, Louise. “I can’t imagine myself without Lou’s guardianship,” he often said. He didn’t make one decision without first asking “Lou...

Remembering Andrew Carnegie’s Legacy

americanlibrariesmagazine.org
The rise and resilience of our nation’s libraries is a unique phenomenon. Today, we so often take for granted the existence of free public libraries that their extraordinary history and significance...

How Andrew Carnegie Turned His Fortune Into A Library Legacy

npr.org
Andrew Carnegie was once the richest man in the world. Coming as a dirt poor kid from Scotland to the U.S., by the 1880s he'd built an empire in steel — and then gave it all away: $60 million to fun...

Oswald Spengler and the Theory of Historical Cycles

cambridge.org
Since Plato announced that the course of history returned upon itself in 72,000 years, since Polybius discerned a “circular movement” by which the history of states came back, over and over again,...

Oswald Spengler, Technology, and Human Nature

tandfonline.com
Oswald Spengler (1880–1936) is a neglected figure in the history of European philosophical thought. This article examines the philosophical anthropology developed in his later work, particularly his...

Muhammad Ali: A View from the New World

cmes.fas.harvard.edu
A nation is known by its heroes. And in the Egyptian case there can be no doubt that the choice of Muhammad Ali Pasha as the founder of modern Egypt says many things about how Egyptians chose to under...

Muhammad Ali Pasha – The Father of Modern Egypt

newhistories.group.shef.ac.uk
To say Muhammad Ali Pasha is a forgotten person in history may sound strange to an Egyptian since he is considered ‘founder of modern Egypt’.  Ruler of Egypt and parts of Syria between 1805...

Two literary encyclopaedias from Late Antiquity

sciencedirect.com
This paper aims to offer a new perspective on two fifth-century texts: Martianus Capella’s De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii and Macrobius’ Saturnalia. Both were transmitted and received througho...

The Reception of Josephus in the Early Modern Period

link.springer.com
The reception of Josephus needs no justification as the topic of this special issue of the International Journal of the Classical Tradition. In almost every nook and cranny of the early modern cultura...

Lovers of Wisdom

nybooks.com
Poor Diogenes Laertius. He gets no respect. A “perfect ass”—“asinus germanus”—one nineteenth-century scholar called him. “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. An “ignoramus,” declared the ...

The Life of Diogenes of Sinope in Diogenes Laertius

worldhistory.org
Diogenes of Sinope (c. 404-323 BCE) was a Greek Cynic philosopher best known for holding a lantern to the faces of the citizens of Athens claiming he was searching for an honest man. He was most likel...

An unfinished tome reveals the late Stephen Hawking’s musings on life’s biggest mysteries

blogs.sciencemag.org
Stephen Hawking’s musings on life’s biggest mysteries

Stephen Hawking: The book that made him a star

bbc.com
About famous book by Stephen Hawking

Inside wheelchair-bound Lothario Stephen Hawking’s improbable, steamy love life

nypost.com
Love-life of Hawking

Composer Profile: Vincenzo Bellini, Bel Canto Master Of Fluid Melody

operawire.com
Vincenzo Bellini is one of the most famous composers of the bel canto era.

Harriet Martineau (1802–1876), from Unitarianism to Agnosticism

journals.openedition.org
Harriet Martineau is best known for her journalistic contributions on a vast number of controversial issues that agitated the early and mid-Victorian period. Her many radical stances on such issues as...

What the Iranian scholar Albiruni said about Hindus, echoed centuries later by Vivekananda

scroll.in
The earliest, indeed the very first, dialogue between a Muslim scientist and Hindu thought took place when Albiruni (971-1039) arrived in India in the second decade of the eleventh century in circumst...

Remembering Al-Biruni – the first anthropologist

blogs.nature.com
Everyone who heads to Google today will notice that the search giant has provided a new Google doodle, celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one ...

He is simply ... The Greatest

espn.com
He boasted he was "The Greatest," and in the prime of his charismatic career, many agreed. But as brilliant as Muhammad Ali was in the ring, perhaps his true greatness was outside it when he fought th...

‘Shoot them for what?’ How Muhammad Ali won his greatest fight

washingtonpost.com
A little before 8 a.m. on April 28, 1967, Muhammad Ali arrived at the Armed Forces Induction Center in Houston.The Vietnam War was raging, American soldiers were dying by the hundreds, protesters were...

Muhammad Ali: 4 Ways He Changed America

rollingstone.com
Without question, Muhammad Ali transformed the world of sports. Winning the heavyweight title three times — beginning with his shocking upset of Sonny Liston in 1964, which made him the youngest box...

Murderers Leopold and Loeb gain national attention

history.com
Fourteen-year-old Bobby Franks is abducted from a Chicago, Illinois, street and killed in what later proves to be one of the most unusual murders in American history. The killers, Nathan Leopold and R...

Leopold and Loeb’s Criminal Minds

smithsonianmag.com
Nathan Leopold was in a bad mood. That evening, on November 10, 1923, he had agreed to drive with his friend and lover, Richard Loeb, from Chicago to the University of Michigan—a journey of six hour...

Christopher M. Langan Interview

superscholar.org
Christopher Michael Langan lays legitimate claim to having the highest IQ of anyone in the United States. He is a scholar in the original sense of the word. Scholar in its Greek root refers to leisure...

11-Year-Old Adragon De Mello Has Everything a Boy Could Want—except Admission to a Ph.d Program

people.com
Adragon Eastwood De Mello accepted his 15 minutes of fame with equanimity: Meeting the press in cap and gown, he said a few words about how pleased he was to be a college graduate, then went home to p...

‘Boy genius,’ father finally finding peace

recordnet.com
Adragon De Mello, the once-famous child prodigy who earned a college degree at 11, looked at his father incarcerated at the Santa Cruz County Jail.This was not the man he remembered, not the man he ha...

Top 11 Things You Didn't Know About Nikola Tesla

energy.gov
Nikola Tesla in or around 1890, when the inventor was in his mid-30s. | Photo is in the public domain. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.11. Tesla was born on July 10, 1856, in the Austrian Em...

Let There Be Light: An Exploration of the Life of Nikola Tesla

inquiriesjournal.com
A great deal is known about Nikola Tesla’s origins—namely, his country and people, to which and of whom he attributed so great a deal. The inventor recognized that he came from an extremely confli...

The Rise and Fall of Nikola Tesla and his Tower

smithsonianmag.com
By the end of his brilliant and tortured life, the Serbian physicist, engineer and inventor Nikola Tesla was penniless and living in a small New York City hotel room. He spent days in a park surrounde...

Johann Reuchlin

oxfordbibliographies.com
Johann Reuchlin (b. 1455–d. 1522) studied Roman law and Greek in Freiburg, Paris, Basel, Orleans, and Tübingen, where he became doctor of laws in 1485. But it was on diplomatic missions to Italy fo...

John Burroughs

oxfordbibliographies.com
John Burroughs (b. 1837–d. 1921) was perhaps the best-known and most widely read American nature writer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, but he is largely unknown and unread toda...

Lamarck and the nucleosome: evolution and environment across 200 years

tandfonline.com
Amongst prominent biological scientists of the past 300 years, Lamarck is one of the most widely misunderstood. His distinguished and influential contributions to the taxonomy of plants and invertebra...

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

novel-coronavirus.onlinelibrary.wiley.com
More quoted than read, hailed as a prophet or vilified as a confused mind, Lamarck remains an enigmatic figure in the history of evolution theories. A reading of his entire corpus reveals a naturalist...

Lamarck, Evolution, and the Inheritance of Acquired Characters

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Scientists are not always remembered for the ideas they cherished most. In the case of the French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, his name since the end of the nineteenth century has been tightly lin...

Jane Goodall: How she redefined mankind

bbc.com
In February 1935, the year of King George V’s Silver Jubilee, a chimpanzee at London Zoo called Boo-Boo gave birth to a baby daughter. A couple of months later, a little blonde-haired girl was given...

How Jane Goodall Changed What We Know About Chimps

nationalgeographic.com
“For those of you who may hear a story twice, please forgive me,” Jane Goodall told her audience at a 2015 lecture. But sometimes, she noted, “stories are nice to hear again.” The basic narrat...

Stephen Hawking - will AI kill or save humankind?

bbc.com
Two years ago Stephen Hawking told the BBC that the development of full artificial intelligence, could spell the end of the human race.

The man who got rich on data - years before Google

bbc.com
Amazon, Alphabet, Alibaba, Facebook, Tencent - five of the world's 10 most valuable companies, all less than 25 years old - and all got rich, in their own ways, on data.No wonder it's become common to...

Herman Hollerith’s Tabulating Machine

smithsonianmag.com
In 1890, the U.S. Government had a problem. With the nation’s population growing rapidly, hand-counting the results was proving impractical—the 1880 census took a full 7 years to tabulate. Policym...

RA Fisher, statistician and geneticist extraordinary: a personal view

academic.oup.com
I was among the last of RA Fisher’s students and disciples and, as a result, he had an enormous influence both on my career and on my attitudes to science and scientific research. In the summer befo...

Chris Hirata *05: Studying the Far Side of the Final Frontier

paw.princeton.edu
Chris Hirata *05 has always been ahead of his time. In elementary school, he was doing calculus and advanced physics. At 14, when he was about to graduate from high school and begin college at Caltech...

Alan Guth shares $1 million Kavli Prize in Astrophysics

news.mit.edu
Alan Guth, the Victor F. Weisskopf Professor of Physics at MIT, was awarded the Kavli Prize in Astrophysics, announced yesterday by the Kavli Foundation in Oslo, linked by satellite to a session at th...

10 Questions for Alan Guth, Pioneer of the Inflationary Model of the Universe

sciencefriday.com
Buried under a mountain of papers and empty Coke Zero bottles, Alan Guth ponders the origins of the cosmos. A world-renowned theoretical physicist and professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Techn...

The Man Who Put the "Big" in "Big Bang": Alan Guth on Inflation

blogs.scientificamerican.com
On the night of December 6, 1979--32 years ago today--Alan Guth had the “spectacular realization” that would soon turn cosmology on its head. He imagined a mind-bogglingly brief event, at the very...

Yes, Stephen Hawking Lied To Us All About How Black Holes Decay

forbes.com
The Universe is out there, waiting for you to discover it. Black Holes explanation

End of the world: Stephen Hawking’s prediction for humanity after solving ‘cosmic puzzle

express.co.uk
THE END OF THE WORLD was predicted by Professor Stephen Hawking, and the genius believed solving a "cosmic puzzle" could be key to humanity's survival.

UNDERESTIMATING MARILYN VOS SAVANT

medium.com
On September 9th of 1990, Marilyn Vos Savant sat in her office reading her Parade magazine column. After about a week, she had received more than 10,000 letters debating her response to a problem on a...

The cleverest person answers your questions

ft.com
Last month, FT Weekend Magazine featured a story about Marilyn vos Savant, who has the world’s highest recorded IQ – 228. She grew up in St Louis, Missouri, the daughter of German and Italian immi...

The Time Everyone “Corrected” the World’s Smartest Woman

priceonomics.com
Born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1946, the young savant quickly developed an aptitude for math and science. At age 10, she was given two intelligence tests -- the Stanford-Binet, and the Mega Test -- bo...

Did Marco Polo “Discover” America?

smithsonianmag.com
For a guy who claimed to spend 17 years in China as a confidant of Kublai Khan, Marco Polo left a surprisingly skimpy paper trail. No Asian sources mention the footloose Italian. The only record of hi...

Marco Polo's odyssey spawned one of the world's first best sellers

nationalgeographic.com
The world-famous explorer Marco Polo is credited with many things, but perhaps the greatest is compiling one of the world’s first best-selling travelogues. Published around 1300, the book chronicles...

Marco Polo in China — or not

cambridge.org
Marco Polo's book — The Travels, The Description of the World, II Milione, or whatever we prefer to call it — is unquestionably the best known of all contemporary sources on that unprecedented his...

The search for John Franklin and the discovery of the Northwest Passage

bl.uk
The many searches for the missing explorer John Franklin led to the discovery of all the Arctic waterways. The knowledge gained from these voyages helped Amundsen to finally cross the Northwest Passag...

How the Discovery of Two Lost Ships Solved an Arctic Mystery

nationalgeographic.com
In 1848, the Franklin expedition’s two ships, H.M.S. Erebus and H.M.S. Terror, disappeared with all their crew while searching for the Northwest Passage. Their fate is one of the enduring mysteries ...

Sir John Franklin's last arctic expedition: a medical disaster

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Many readers of this Journal must have walked through Waterloo Place, at the southern end of Lower Regent Street in London, on their way to the Athenaeum, the Royal Society, the Royal College of Patho...

Creating the American Nation

loc.gov
George Washington, the commander in chief of the American Revolutionary Army, was the ever practical military leader, president of the Federal Constitutional Convention, and first president of the Uni...

Mary Anning: how a poor, Victorian woman became one of the world’s greatest palaeontologists

theconversation.com
Lyme Regis is an almost obnoxiously gorgeous town in Dorset in the west of England, perched atop the cliffs of the world-heritage listed Jurassic Coast. Thanks to a campaign set off by a local 10-year...

The forgotten fossil hunter who transformed Britain’s Jurassic Coast

nationalgeographic.com
If you had lived in Victorian times, you’d have spotted her, perhaps, at the foot of Church Cliff to the east of Lyme Regis, a seaside town on England’s southwest coast. She’d have a wicker bask...

Mary Anning: the unsung hero of fossil discovery

nhm.ac.uk
Mary Anning was a pioneering palaeontologist and fossil collector. Her lifetime was a constellation of firsts.Mary Anning was born in 1799 in Lyme Regis, in the southwest English county of Dorset. Lym...

Joseph Leidy: The last man who knew everything

jaad.org
Joseph Leidy (1823-1891) paid tremendous attention to detail. His science “was visual, descriptive, and particularizing.” He should have been a dermatologist. Had he become as fascinated by the sk...

Winckelmann and the Invention of Antiquity: History and Aesthetics in the Age of Altertumswissenschaft

academic.oup.com
Ein Versuch eines Lehrgebäudes (‘an attempt at a systematic framework’): that is the professed aim of Johann Joachim Winckelmann’s Geschichte der Kunst des Alterthums , inscribed in the opening...

Winckelmann’s Depreciation of Colour in Light of the Querelle du coloris and Recent Critique

tandfonline.com
Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717–1768) has traditionally been praised as a pioneering Hellenist whose important studies on ancient Greek and Roman sculpture influenced generations of students in var...

What Can We Learn About Business from Henry Ford?

bidsketch.com
Henry Ford is one of the most famous businessmen of all time.American industrialist and founder of the Ford Motor Company, his foresight revolutionized the transportation industry and enabled many peo...

The Canadian behind Henry Ford

archive.macleans.ca
Among the handful of men who can be credited with launching or triggering the staggering industrial development of North America since the turn of the century the name of James Couzens is seldom, if e...

The Evolution of Elon Musk: The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly

adalo.com
As someone who considers themselves up-to-date with the latest news and trends on everything design and innovation, I was taken aback when I saw a Facebook post back in December. My friend was calling...

61 Books Elon Musk Thinks You Should Read

entrepreneur.com
Although his days are presumably filled with Tesla, SpaceX, cyber pigs and lots and lots of tweeting, it seems Elon Musk also finds the time to make reading part of his routine. The billionaire busine...

Elon Musk, the Rocket Man With a Sweet Ride

smithsonianmag.com
Five, four, three...” At T-minus three seconds white flames explode from the 22-story rocket. “Two, one. Liftoff.” The night sky erupts with light and fire and clouds of smoke, as nine engines g...

Mimar Sinan: Architect of the Empire

theculturetrip.com
Contrasted against the modern buildings of Istanbul, Mimar Sinan’s classical Ottoman architecture like the Süleymaniye Mosque, is still evocative of the power and splendour of the past. Stephanie C...

When the Parthenon had dazzling colours

bbc.com
When the Victorian painter Lawrence Alma-Tadema first showed his work, Phidias Showing the Frieze of the Parthenon to his Friends, there must have been a pleasing circularity in play: a painter proudl...

Phidias: The Greatest Sculptor Of Antiquity

thecollector.com
Phidias was by far the most famous ancient Greek sculptor. The Greeks spoke of his sculptures as if they were gods themselves and their creator earned a seat amongst the greatest artists of all times....

Mimar Sinan: The Ottoman Empire's Most Important Architect

theculturetrip.com
Considered to be the greatest Ottoman architect, Mimar Sinan was the Ottoman Empire’s State Architect for a decade, transforming the landscape of Istanbul as well as other Turkish cities with his ma...

The Education of the Classical Architect from Plato to Vitruvius

link.springer.com
Plato divided science (episteme) into ‘science of action’ (praktike) and ‘science of mere knowing’ (gnostike). His argument is the first known attempt to distinguish what is now recognised as ...

Confronting Vitruvius: a geometric framework and design methodology for Roman rectangular temples

cambridge.org
Studies of design principles of Roman temples typically have been based on Vitruvius, which inspired a belief that the colonnade was at the core of the geometric framework of every temple and that the...
Law

Lycurgus: Mysterious Spartan Lawgiver

classicalwisdom.com
Sparta has fascinated people for thousands of years. One of the most, if not the most important figure in all of Spartan history was Lycurgus, the great lawgiver. The interesting thing is that we know...
Law

Lycurgus Lawgiver of Sparta

thoughtco.com
Athens had its Solon, the law-giver, and Sparta, its Lycurgus—at least that's what we like to believe. Like the origins of the reforms of Lycurgus, the man himself is wrapped in legend.Plutarch on L...
Law

Imagining the Rule of Law: Rereading the Grotian ‘Tradition’

academic.oup.com
International law exists in the slippery zone between abstract speculation on binding principles and realistic deference to power. The position of Hugo Grotius as ‘father’ of international law, th...
Law

Leibniz as legal scholar

scielo.org.za
These days, Leibniz is very famous for his contributions to philosophy, especially in the field of metaphysics, and to mathematics, especially for the invention of calculus and the binary numeral syst...
Law

The great defender

theguardian.com
Eighty-five years ago, on 2 June 1924, during a blistering early summer in Chicago, a ravaged courtroom bruiser stepped into the future. Clarence Darrow, with his seamed face and stooped shoulders mak...
Law

Clarence Darrow Finally Returns to Dayton

online.ucpress.edu
When Clarence Darrow came to Dayton, Tennessee, in 1925 to help defend John Scopes in the famous “Monkey Trial,” he was greeted by religious signs, a religious town, religious prosecutors, and a r...
See all
Benoît de Maillet
20.10.2020
Benoît de Maillet
A well-travelled French diplomat and natural historian.
Ernest Hemingway
20.10.2020
Ernest Hemingway
An American novelist, short-story writer, journalist, and sportsman best known for his novels For Whom the Bell Tolls, A Farewell to Arms, and The Old Man and the Sea.
Kurt Gödel
20.10.2020
Kurt Gödel
A logician, mathematician, and philosopher considered to be one of the most significant logicians in history.
Giuseppe Garibaldi
20.10.2020
Giuseppe Garibaldi
An Italian general, patriot, and republican who contributed to the Italian unification and the creation of the Kingdom of Italy
Quizzes
Dayli quiz
Mycology is the study of what?

Choose one of the answer options

Évariste Galois
Gukesh closes in on 2600 The year 2020 has begun well for youngster D. Gukesh. He won the Hillerød Chess Club open in Denmark, and went on to fly through the Cannes Open as well. In a field that had over ten grandmasters, Gukesh scored 7½/9 with a rating performance of 2667. While Gukesh's performance and live rating of 2565 is impressive, what is even more jaw-dropping is the fact that the youngster says he has never used an engine for his preparation! In this article, Gukesh sends us an annotated game from the Cannes Open which, like always, he has analysed all by himself. A detailed report on Gukesh's victory al...
en.chessbase.com
What Australians often get wrong about our most (in)famous explorer, Captain Cook
With the 250th anniversary of Captain James Cook's voyage to Australia, it is time to brush up on the history of our nation's most famous naval explorer.He's the one that discovered Australia, right?No.The idea that Cook discovered Australia has long been debunked, and was debated as recently as 2017 when Indigenous broadcaster Stan Grant pointed to an inscription on statue in Sydney's Hyde Park....
abc.net.au
Al-Kindi, A forgotten Muslim Contribution to Human Civilization
“We should not be ashamed to acknowledge truth from whatever source it comes to us, even if it is brought to us by former generations and foreign people. For him who seeks the truth there is nothing of higher value than truth itself.”Literally, the word philosophy means the love of wisdom. Since the inception of human life on earth, man tried to find clear answers to the various natural phenomena surrounding him. The first inquiries were baffling and far beyond the understanding of the primitive mind. Thus, answers came in form of mythological or religious...
moroccoworldnews.com
The Ultimate Renaissance Man: Leon Battista Alberti
The name ‘Leon Battista Alberti’ not only recalls the Renaissance’s ideals but also the aesthetic standards of modern architecture. Educated in various disciplines from sciences to language, this Italian born talent was truly a Renaissance man with many talents. Here are five things you should know about Leon Battista Alberti.Alberti, a great humanist, did not limit himself to become one of the greatest architects in history, but also excelled as a writer, mathematician, humanist, cryptographer, linguist, philosopher, musician and archaeologist — earning the nickname ‘Universal Geniu...
theculturetrip.com
Friedrich Nietzsche: The truth is terrible
The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) pursued two main themes in his work, one now familiar, even commonplace in modernity, the other still under-appreciated, often ignored.  The familiar Nietzsche is the “existentialist”, who diagnoses the most profound cultural fact about modernity: “the death of God”, or more exactly, the collapse of the possibility of reasonable belief in God. Belief in God – in transcendent meaning or purpose, dictated by a supernatural being – is now incredible, usurped by naturalistic explanations of the evolution of species, the behaviour of ma...
the-tls.co.uk
Évariste Galois Marquis de Sade Josiah Willard Gibbs Sergei Prokofiev

Welcome To Geniuses.Club!

Here you’ll find All that’s interesting about humanity’s Great Minds
Biographies, Articles, Videos, Quotes, Geni-Shop
Who was Born / Died on each day & Where
And much more
Continue!